Types of Antibiotics and Their Uses
Since their invention in 1928 by Alexander Fleming, antibiotics have saved many lives and aided in the speedy recovery of many suffering from bacterial infections. But did you know that there are different types of antibiotics and they treat different types of infection? Today we will talk about the different classes of antibiotics and what they are used to treat. It is very important to note that antibiotics must be taken as prescribed and that they are ineffective against viral infections. Improper use of antibiotics will cause bacteria that is resistant to them, causing serious problems in the future. So when the SHTF, you will know which antibiotics to use if the need arises.
Beta-Lactams (Penicillins and Cephalosporins)
Penicillins are the oldest form of antibiotic. They are commonly used for ear, mouth, skin and urinary tract infections.
The most common forms of penicillin are: ampicillin, amoxicillin, methicillin, oxacillin.
Cephalosporins are very similar to penicillins and they are used to treat pneumonia, staph infections, strep throat and bronchitis.
Common forms of cephalosporin start with “ceph” or “cef”.
These antibiotics are particularly effective in penetrating the lungs. They are bacteriostatic, meaning that it inhibits the bacteria from synthesizing proteins. They are used in the treatment of: respiratory tract infections,
gastrointestinal tract infections, skin infections, genital infections.
These antibiotics are bacteriocidal, which it means inhibit the bacteria’s ability to make DNA.
These drugs typically end in “floaxin” such as: ciprofloaxin , levofloaxin, lomefloaxin.
This class of antibiotics are used to treat urinary tract infections, skin infections, and respiratory infections.
These drugs should not be used by pregnant women.
This class of antibiotics inhibit protein synthesis in the bacteria. Examples of tetracycline antibiotics are: minocycline, tetracycline, and doxycycline.
It is used to treat respiratory tract infections, sinus infections, ear infections and urinary tract infections.
These are often combined with penicillins and they must be injected. These are bacteriocidal.
Common forms are: amikacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin, streptomycin, tobramycin
These antibiotics are used to treat gram-negative bacteria.
With the proper education, you will be able to use antibiotics in the proper situation. And isn’t being prepared what it’s all about?
Here is the link for the classifications of antibiotics: http://preparedforthat.com/types-of-antibiotics/